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Job opportunity in environmental science

Job opportunity in environmental science

We are all living in a generation where we can get everything at the touch of our fingertips and the technology is culminating. Having advanced so much in technology and dived deep into research; Are we at all giving back anything to our nature from which all our resources were first devised and acquired?
With the ever-increasing population and the levels of pollution rising each day, it is us humans who are undermining nature and are the root cause of its deterioration. As the upcoming generation, it’s extremely important for us to realize the fact that we have to become more socially aware and socially responsible towards our surrounding environment. One way to do this is to take up jobs that not only fill our pockets but also give us a way to understand and restore our slowly deteriorating nature and also make our surroundings safer and cleaner to live in.

The following are some of the options that youngsters can take up as careers which relate to our environment and its health.

1.WATER QUALITY SCIENTIST.
A water quality scientist is someone who assesses the quality of water and also the clarity and monitors and analyses water quality data and reports it back.
The job of a water quality scientist comprises of:
• Sampling and testing water from sources like drinking water, groundwater, and surface water.
• To check if the water quality matches the regulatory standards.
• Make visits and carry out investigations to find any atypical nature of water.
• To negotiate on effluent discharge fees.
• Check on construction-related drainage, and investigate any pollution-related incidents from a scientific and legal point of view.

The qualifications for a person wishing to take up this as a career requires a bachelor’s degree in something related to a science discipline, for example, biochemistry, biology, chemistry, environmental science, geology, microbiology, etc. Postgraduate courses are also available.
Positions as a water quality scientist are available in government sectors like the ministry of environment, forestry, climate change, or the Central pollution control board. Or in big Pharmaceutical manufacturing companies or Hospitals or self-employment and freelancing can be considered by people who are experienced to work as a consultant to big firms.
The salary can range up to 1.5 lakh per month depending on the qualifications of a person and years of experience.

2.BOTANIST.
A Botanist is an expert in the scientific study of plants. He studies plant evolution, reproduction,various processes, and relationships with the environment and other forms of life. They can research, analyze, and do fieldwork on various plant processes, their extracts, adaptive nature, etc.
Botanists can work in various sectors; Like Agronomy, Marine Botany, Taxonomy. Or they can also become a plant physiologist or Plant ecologists.
The eligibility to become a botanist requires a candidate who holds a degree in botany or biology or other equivalent disciplines. Masters degree holders have better career prospects as a botanist, and the ones looking forward to work in the research sector require a Ph.D. after their master’s program.
The work of Botanist is important for the conservation of the environment. Their research might help in determining how various plants react to various climatic conditions and how to protect the naïve species which are endangered.
A botanist can work in laboratories to enhance seed properties under some seed companies or pharmaceutical companies or biotechnology firms. Or they might get employed as teachers in colleges or in botanical gardens.
There are various jobs available for botanists in organizations like CCRH (Central Council for Research in Homeopathy), Wildlife Institute of India, Forest Research Institute.

Depending on the qualifications, years of experience the salary of a botanist can vary from 3 lakh to 8 lakh rupees per year.

3.FISHERIES SCIENTIST.
A fisheries scientist studies fish and marine fauna and does various research projects which are mainly focused on the effects of human activities on aquatic systems.
As a fisheries scientist one will have to work in laboratories as well as work in fish farms and strategize aquatic systems through fish community management. The job also includes assessing the impact and the change in habitat of fishes and review its experiment methodology.
Another aspect as a fisheries scientist may include innovation of various innovative technology used in the aquaculture like the feeding equipment, aerators, etc. Another scope for a fisheries scientist is to offer their expertise from the project formulation stage to the implementation and successful operations of hatchery and fish farming.
Fishing as an occupation can be made more viable by the usage of scientific fish culturing and the unpredictability of the catch.
Jobs for a fisheries scientist are available in state departments of agriculture and organizations such as the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI). Other than this, there are many largescale research-based companies in India and abroad entering this area with huge investments.
The other side to this career option is research; if one has good research skills, they can also find employment in organizations like the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology.
For a person to become a Fisheries scientist, one has to have a bachelor’s degree in biological sciences. One can even opt for a master’s degree with a more focused subject.
The salary of a fisheries scientist usually varies from 18000 rupees to 45000 rupees per month, depending on whether one works under government or private firms. Salaries also depend on the number of projects undertaken and completed by an individual or the team working on the project.

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4. GEOLOGIST.
Geologists mainly study about rocks and soil in the environment. The study and research and study about rock formulations, what leads to rocks and soil being created, and all the natural processes that shape this world. They study how the pH of the soil affects various plants and species in an area.
Geologists may be professionals in landsides or ground-based natural disasters like earthquakes, volcanoes. They may also study and research about the age of various rocks, attempting to piece together a chronology of events for the formation of our lands and the changes taking place over time.
Geologists can work in Petroleum or mining companies, contracting firms, Government and educational institutes, Environment protecting firms, or consulting firms.
For a person to become a Geologist, they would need a bachelor’s degree in geology, earth science,or a related science field. A person can opt for Masters and also a Ph.D. degree in geology after their graduation.
A salary of a Geologist may vary from around 2 lakh rupees to 12 lakh rupees.
We all live in an age where money decides a lot, but what we do not realize that, even after making so much money, we hardly give back anything to this earth who has been taking care of us and nurturing us throughout our lives. Let us take a step forward and responsibly do something good for our environment and make our surroundings a much better and healthier place to live and coexist with our beautiful nature.

References:
1. www.biotechnika.org
2. ciwem.org
3. www.prospects.ac.uk
4. www.betterteam.com
5. environmentalscience.org
6. www.youngbuzz.com

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